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Vaquilla del Ángel. Puesta del pañuelico

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Knowing Teruel > Festivals 


la vaquilla del ángel


A bit of history

La Vaquilla del Ángel is the traditional festival most deeply rooted in the city of Teruel, whose origin is lost in the mists of time. There are precedents in abundance because it was always normal to run the bulls in Teruel, but what seems clear is that has its roots in medieval times and has been transformed along the history. In Venerable Francés de Aranda’s lifetime (1356/1441) it was a habit to take several bulls to the local prison to be fought and killed to be eaten later. Due to their ferocity they were transported tied with two strong ropes to prevent their escape. People, who were in the streets, found an emotional attraction in provoking the bulls whereas they passed knowing they were tied. When this custom was well-known, those in charge to lead the animals, loosened the ropes to let them run and frighten people. It is possible that this was the real origin of La Vaquilla del Ángel.

With these background and diverse years of prohibition along the history, we come to our days when la Vaquilla del Angel is a variable festival and takes place the second Sunday after Saint Peter or the closest to Saint Christopher, in the month of July, from Saturday to Monday.

The beginning of ‘La Vaquilla del Ángel’

The prayer of the Salve marks the official beginning of the festival although the most popular moment is during the first hours in the afternoon. When the clock strikes half past four in the afternoon, the Mayor of the town comes out to the balcony of the Town Hall to say: ‘¡Vaquilleros, la Vaquilla es vuestra!, que suene el Campanico’, that’s to say ‘Vaquilleros, the Vaquilla is yours, let the bell sounds’. It refers to a small bell placed on the Town hall roof and it only sounds on this occasion.

But, the greatest moment is when someone puts on a small red neckerchief around ‘El Torico’, and everybody standing in the square, vibrates in that moment of climax, time in which the square bursts in joy and the ‘charangas’ (musical groups walking through the streets) plays their loud music, spreading the happiness during these three days.

Celebrations in the street

People from Teruel go out to the streets and the 20 ‘Peñas’ (social groups) start their activities not only in their venues (located in different streets and squares of the town and whose entry is free for all the visitors) but around the street dancing with the sound of their Charangas.

At the Peñas’ venues, people can eat, drink and dance with different orchestras in an endless party. Las Vaquillas.


On Sunday afternoon everybody belonging to a Peña and a great number of people from Teruel, go to the Bullring for the traditional “Merienda” (snack) and it´s when everybody can see and know the four bulls that will run along the city streets on Monday. The traditional food is the “Regañao” with ham or sardine.

it is more and more common that the attendants to this act come disguised which gives even more color to the festival if that it’s possible.

Las Vaquillas

During  Saturday and Sunday night  heifers coming from the most well-known local and national livestock are released. There is also a fire bull every night.

Los ensogados (Bulls with ropes)

On Monday the protagonist is the bull. At 5 o’clock in the morning, the first bull comes out from the bullring. One by one, the four bulls will be shuttled from the bullring to the Ronda Avenue, surrounded by hundreds of runners. The bulls don’t go free along the streets but tied by two ropes known as “La soga y la baga”. The bulls already lead the starting rope (soga). The exit of the bull from the ‘toriles’ is breathtaking with all his strength and charged against a straw puppet, and now it is when they put on the other rope (baga) that limits the movements of the bull. There are some people in charge to do all these work, they are the members of the rope and string. They are characterised by their love for the bulls and for the feast.

At 11 o´clock in the morning, the children are who enjoy running after small bulls usually accompanied by their grandparents along Torico square.

At 6.00 p.m., the morning bulls will run along the streets of the town.

The end of the festival

The final moment of the festival is a great fireworks, the take off the neckerchief and the street parties which will end at the first hours of Tuesday.


Teruel ham festival


It was at the end of 1960s when the ham started to have important festivity relevance in the city of Teruel. A very important commercial and festivity activity has been consolidated.

In the middle of 1980s it appeared Teruel cured ham Origin Designation and around this delicious product The Ham Fair began to be celebrated which in the latest editions it has been complemented with the Food Quality.

Talking about Teruel Ham is talking about craftsmanship, tradition and culture. For centuries, people who have populated these high, dry and cold lands have made the pork products not only a reserve for subsistence but some exquisite delicacies that they preserved with formulas sometimes familiar. There is no doubt that from all of these products the king has always been the ham. The climate and the popular wisdom transmitted from parents to children contributed to get the properties that distinguish the turolense pork leg.

Concerning this rich product and others of high quality from the province of Teruel, The Ham Fair and Food quality takes place every year in the month of September which covers two very different areas. On the one hand the technical and commercial aspects and on the other hand, the popular and festive aspects. That is why it is called Ham Fair since few years ago.

It is in the first one where the business contacts take place while the second one is completely popular. Tastings, the opportunity to acquire products, exhibitions of ham cutters, bullfighting, concerts, competitions and festivals take place during these days. All this invite to get to know this important event which revolves around some products that everyone who appreciates the things of the good eating should not missed.


isabel de segura’s weddings


Few popular festivals, in such short period of time, have taken an evolution as that of 'The weddings of Isabel de Segura'. It is a question of representing in the streets, in a suitable environment, the legendary story of the Lovers of Teruel. It was not easy to involve groups of theatre, music and dance to perform a great representation whose stage were the streets and squares of Teruel, and all this in the month of February.

Little by little it has been achieved an impressive popular participation in the feast. Every year not only the number of actors increases enriching the representation but also the number of groups involved in the recreation who are documented historically. The celebration begins to be a beautiful tradition expected by everybody.

The theatrical representations do not stop during the days of celebration. All this invites you to come to one of the most beautiful, emotive and attractive festival of all celebrated in our country. The feast was declared of Tourist Interest in Aragon in July of 2007, at the moment we are working to get the consideration of National Tourist Interest.

The representation begins on Thursday with the announcement of the Death of Diego de Marcilla, and during the days of the feast all the scenes that tell us our most lovely love story are represented. The setting of the story counts with performances, storytelling, taverns, music, medieval market, exhibitions, tournament and an endless number of activities that make that Teruel moves back again to 13th century.

Since 2006, the responsibility of the organization of the feast falls on the foundation of Wedding Isabel de Segura.

During the month of February and coinciding with the third Friday of the month, ‘The Wedding of Isabel de Segura’ takes place in the city of Teruel.


holy week


The Holy Week in the city of Teruel was declared feast of National Tourist Interest in 2006.

Its marked religious character is mixed with the demonstrations surrounding the horns, drums and bass drums, acquiring a very special air. The success of this tradition is due to the involvement of the whole city through the Board of brotherhoods of the Holy Week.

Between Palm Sunday and Sunday of Resurrection, the religious manifestations take place, in special the Good Friday procession. In this one, all the Brotherhoods of Teruel take part with their thirteen Images and their bands.

On Tuesday after Easter, It is celebrated ‘El Sermon de las Tortillas’. This day all the people from Teruel go to the countryside with a great food basket. Its origin is placed in the Low Middle Age.


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